Surigao del Sur
The Crops Development Zone delineated in SAFDZ covers 140,354 hectares cultivated with coconut, as major crop and other commodities like rice, corn, abaca and high value commercial crops such as banana, coffee and durian. These products exhibited potential for high production, quality of processed by-products and obviously high market price. The support facilities and services that are in place enable the sector to gain access in regional market centers as in the case of durian, coffee, banana, corn, copra and palay which are now traded outside the province. The total Network of Protected Areas for Agriculture and Agri-Industry Development (NPAAAD) covers around 170,064 hectares wherein SAFDZs are delineated. The remaining NPAAAD of 22,558 hectares are those areas delineated for watershed development, agro-forestry and as expansion to the production areas already developed.
On the other hand, the livestock industry has kept in pace with the crops sector having supported by the National Government through the Medium Term Livestock Development Program (MTLDP) with components like animal upgrading services, animal health and regulatory, credit facilities and other service facilities. In the SAFDZ Map, the livestock area covers 1,965 hectares available for forage and pasture development aside from the areas under coconut that can also be utilized for forage production.
Meanwhile, the province's geographical location exhibits a comparative advantage in terms of the vastness of aquamarine fishery resources endowed to it by nature. Its elongated shape stretches a total shoreline length of 487.7 kilometers, covering 16 municipalities and one city which are coastal while two are landlocked.
Fishery production areas delineated under the SAFDZ registered a total of 5,183 hectares of which brackish water aquaculture accounts to 3,024.86 hectares, freshwater areas 87 hectares, Mari culture 516.15 hectares and the remaining 1,555 hectares are potential for aquaculture development. The present level of aquaculture productivity ranges from 0.5-1.2 mt. per hectare per year at which 5,927.59 mt accounted to brackishwater production, 43.5 mt. to freshwater and 9,238 mt. to Mari culture. Marine fishery resource on, the other hand, consist of municipal and commercial fisheries whose production level is pegged at 32,073 mt. and 2,980 mt., respectively. Supply and demand for fish and other agricultural crops.
At present, there are 26 fish sanctuaries maintained provincewide with a total of 2,375 hectares. Other support facilities and services identified are the presence of fishery institutions such as the SSPSC Campuses in Anibongan, St. Christine and Poblacion, Lianga; Gamut, Barobo; Portlamon, Hinatuan; and Sto. Niño, San Agustin. Provincial Fish Nursery at Gamut, Tago caters fingerling requirement of fishfarmers provincewide. The Provincial Red Tide/Marine Biotoxin Testing Center located at PFARO, Tandag caters red tide toxin analysis. Prawn hatcheries located at Dawis, Mabua, Rosario, Tandag; Mawis and Portlamon at Hinatuan and Sabang, Lingig also respond to the prawn fry requirements of fishpond operators.
The private sector played a great role in propelling the development of crops, livestock and fishery industries, thus, organization of industry councils, farmer-coops and Rural-Based Organizations (RBOs) have been instituted to cater a dynamic and participatory economic undertaking. There are 16 Municipal Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management Councils (MFARMCs), 145 BFARMCs, two (2) IFARMCs and one (1) CFARMC organized in the province.